Pascal's Triangle
Pascal’s Triangle is a mathematical concept where each number in a row is the sum of the two numbers above it in the previous row. You can build Pascal’s Triangle by starting with the first row [1]
and then generating each subsequent row based on the previous one.
Here’s a stepbystep guide to generate the first numRows
of Pascal’s Triangle:
 Initialization: Initialize the result list with the first row as
[1]
.  Iteration: Iterate from the second row to the
numRows
th row, and for each row: Create a new row with the first element as
1
.  Iterate through the previous row, adding the sum of each adjacent pair of numbers to the new row.
 Append
1
to the end of the new row.  Append the new row to the result list.
 Create a new row with the first element as
Here’s the code:


Key Takeaways:
 The code builds Pascal’s Triangle row by row based on the previous row.
 The time complexity is (O(n^2)), where (n) is the number of rows, since we perform a nested loop through the rows and their elements.
 The space complexity is also (O(n^2)), as we store the entire triangle in the result list.




Problem Classification
Mathematical Problem: This problem requires knowledge about Pascal’s Triangle, which is a mathematical concept used in algebra and combinatorics.
Array/List Manipulation: This problem involves manipulating and generating nested lists (or arrays in some other languages), which is a fundamental concept in data structures and algorithms.
Iterative Algorithms: The problem requires an understanding of iterative processes to build up the solution step by step.
Dynamic Programming: Although not explicitly stated in the problem, the process of building Pascal’s triangle utilizes the principles of dynamic programming as the value of each element in the triangle depends on previously computed values.
Language Agnostic Coding Drills
Understanding Pascal’s Triangle: This problem involves generating Pascal’s triangle. The basic understanding of how Pascal’s triangle is structured and its properties is essential for this problem.
Nested Loops: The solution involves nested loops, where a loop is run within another loop.
List Manipulation: The problem involves manipulating lists, adding elements to them and accessing their elements.
Targeted Drills in Python
 Understanding Pascal’s Triangle:
This drill involves explaining and understanding the properties of Pascal’s Triangle. For example, each row of the triangle starts and ends with 1, and each other number in the row is the sum of the two numbers directly above it.
 Nested Loops:


 List Manipulation:


The final integrated drill would be to write a function that generates the first n
rows of Pascal’s triangle, which is the solution to this problem.