Frayer Model

The Frayer Model is a graphical organizer used for word analysis and vocabulary building. This teaching strategy helps students grasp the meaning of a new or complex term. The model is typically divided into four quadrants:

  1. Definition: In the upper-left quadrant, you write the definition of the term.

  2. Characteristics: In the upper-right quadrant, list characteristics or attributes that make the term unique.

  3. Examples: In the lower-left quadrant, you list examples that fit the term.

  4. Non-Examples: In the lower-right quadrant, list examples that do not fit the term.

How It Works

  • Students receive a term.
  • They use dictionaries, textbooks, or other resources to fill out the quadrants.
  • The class or group can discuss and revise their models.


  • Can be used in any subject: math, history, science, etc.
  • Useful for ELA (English Language Arts) to expand vocabulary.
  • Helps in conceptual understanding in subjects like Math and Science.


  • Encourages critical thinking by requiring students to describe, identify, and sort attributes and examples.
  • Enhances retention by allowing students to engage deeply with the term.

Key Takeaways:

  • The Frayer Model is a versatile tool for understanding and memorizing new vocabulary or complex terms.
  • It aids in deep comprehension by categorizing the term from multiple angles.
  • Useful across various subjects and age groups.