Expressions in JavaScript
Expressions in JavaScript are syntactic entities that can be evaluated to produce a value. Essentially, they’re like the phrases in a sentence. They are composed of variables, literals, operators, function calls, and other expressions. Here are several different types of expressions:
 Literals: Any constant value in your code. For example:
 Variable reference: Simply the name of a variable:
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 let x = 5;
x; // This is an expression

 Arithmetic expressions: Expressions that apply operators to operands:
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 5 + 10
7 * 2
10 / 2

 Function calls: When you call a function, the call itself is an expression:
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 console.log("Hello, world!");
Math.max(10, 20);

 Logical and comparison expressions: Expressions that apply logical or comparison operators:
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 a && b
a < b
a == b

 Assignment expressions: An assignment also has a value, which is the value assigned:
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 let x = 10; // The expression x = 10 has the value 10

 Object and array initializers: Expressions that create objects or arrays:
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 let obj = { a: 1, b: 2 }
let arr = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

 Property access expressions: Accessing a property or method of an object:
Expressions can be combined to form larger expressions:
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 let y = 10;
let x = y * 5 + 10;

In this code, y * 5
is an expression, y * 5 + 10
is an expression, and x = y * 5 + 10
is also an expression. The value of the entire line let x = y * 5 + 10;
is the value of x
, which is 60.
These are some of the common types of expressions in JavaScript, but there are many others as well. The important thing to understand is that expressions are the basic building blocks of a JavaScript program and they’re how you represent data and operations in your code.