Divide Array Into Increasing Sequences
This problem is about determining whether the given sorted integer array nums
can be divided into one or more disjoint increasing subsequences of length at least k
.
Since the array is sorted, you can find the frequency of each element, and the number of subsequences you need is determined by the maximum frequency of any element. If that maximum frequency is f
, you will need at least f
subsequences, each of length at least k
. Therefore, the total number of elements required is f * k
.
Here’s a Python function that does just that:


The code uses the Counter
class from the collections
module to count the frequency of each element in the nums
array. Then it checks whether the total length of nums
is greater than or equal to the product of the maximum frequency and k
. If the condition holds, the array can be divided as required; otherwise, it cannot.
Can you help me with finding the isomorphism for the LeetCode ? Please provide a concise response and if an exact mapping is not possible, specify it as an approximate mapping. If the titles of the problems are the same, select a different problem. Also, explain the reasoning behind your selection. Don’t mention anything about your training cut off date. Provide the best possible answer. Do not repeat the same point. Mention which problem is simpler. If there are multiple isomorphic problem. Arrange them from simple to more complex to your best possible knowledge. Do not add Leetcode to the problem name. The response format is:
The problem can be mapped to
10 Prerequisite LeetCode Problems
“1121. Divide Array Into Increasing Sequences” involves elements of counting, sorting, and understanding constraints of the problem to make effective decisions. Here are some simpler problems to prepare for this:
LeetCode 75. Sort Colors
 This problem can provide a basic understanding of sorting and arranging numbers.
LeetCode 217. Contains Duplicate
 This problem gives a sense of dealing with frequency counts of numbers.
LeetCode 350. Intersection of Two Arrays II
 This problem deals with counting elements in arrays and could enhance your skills with element frequencies.
LeetCode 414. Third Maximum Number
 This problem can help you understand how to deal with maximums in a unique way, which may be a useful skill.
LeetCode 435. Nonoverlapping Intervals
 This problem is about organizing intervals, which could help you understand how to divide arrays into sequences.
LeetCode 455. Assign Cookies
 This problem involves sorting and making decisions based on constraints, similar to the “Divide Array Into Increasing Sequences” problem.
LeetCode 621. Task Scheduler
 This problem involves arranging tasks (or numbers) given certain restrictions, which may be useful for understanding the “Divide Array Into Increasing Sequences” problem.
LeetCode 767. Reorganize String
 This problem involves rearranging elements given certain restrictions, which may be useful for understanding the “Divide Array Into Increasing Sequences” problem.
LeetCode 973. K Closest Points to Origin
 This problem involves sorting based on certain conditions, which can be helpful in problems like “Divide Array Into Increasing Sequences”.
LeetCode 1054. Distant Barcodes
 This problem involves arranging elements with a restriction on their adjacency, which may provide insight for the “Divide Array Into Increasing Sequences” problem.
These cover handling frequencies, sorting and managing elements under certain constraints, which are necessary to solve the “1121. Divide Array Into Increasing Sequences” problem.
The problem “Divide Array Into Increasing Sequences” (LeetCode Problem #1121) requires understanding of array manipulation and counting sort. Here are 10 problems to prepare:
“Max Consecutive Ones” (LeetCode Problem #485): This problem involves dealing with sequences in an array, similar to the main problem.
“Find All Numbers Disappeared in an Array” (LeetCode Problem #448): This problem uses a similar strategy of counting and will help you understand how to track element frequencies.
“Majority Element” (LeetCode Problem #169): Understanding this problem will help in understanding how frequency of numbers in an array can affect the results.
“Remove Duplicates from Sorted Array” (LeetCode Problem #26): Understanding this problem is helpful as it involves manipulating a sorted array, similar to the main problem.
“Move Zeroes” (LeetCode Problem #283): This problem will help you understand how to rearrange elements within an array.
“Best Time to Buy and Sell Stock II” (LeetCode Problem #122): This problem involves detecting sequences in an array, similar to the main problem.
“Sort Colors” (LeetCode Problem #75): This problem provides practice for array manipulation and the Dutch National Flag problem.
“Find the Duplicate Number” (LeetCode Problem #287): This problem is about finding duplicates, similar to counting frequencies in an array.
“Third Maximum Number” (LeetCode Problem #414): This problem will help you understand how to track multiple max/min elements in a single pass through an array.
“Array Partition I” (LeetCode Problem #561): This problem involves sorting an array and then performing operations based on pairs of elements, which may provide helpful context for the main problem.
The concepts of array manipulation and counting sort are key to solving this problem.
Identifying Problem Isomorphism
Can you help me with finding the isomorphism for this problem?
Which problem does this problem map to the corresponding isomorphic problem on Leetcode ?
How did you identify that this problem is a variation of problem?
Problem Classification
Problem Statement: Given an integer array nums sorted in nondecreasing order and an integer k, return true if this array can be divided into one or more disjoint increasing subsequences of length at least k, or false otherwise.
Example 1:
Input: nums = [1,2,2,3,3,4,4], k = 3 Output: true Explanation: The array can be divided into two subsequences [1,2,3,4] and [2,3,4] with lengths at least 3 each. Example 2:
Input: nums = [5,6,6,7,8], k = 3 Output: false Explanation: There is no way to divide the array using the conditions required.
Constraints:
1 <= k <= nums.length <= 105 1 <= nums[i] <= 105 nums is sorted in nondecreasing order.
Analyze the provided problem statement. Categorize it based on its domain, ignoring ‘How’ it might be solved. Identify and list out the ‘What’ components. Based on these, further classify the problem. Explain your categorizations.
Visual Model of the Problem
How to visualize the problem statement for this problem?
Problem Restatement
Could you start by paraphrasing the problem statement in your own words? Try to distill the problem into its essential elements and make sure to clarify the requirements and constraints. This exercise should aid in understanding the problem better and aligning our thought process before jumping into solving it.
Abstract Representation of the Problem
Could you help me formulate an abstract representation of this problem?
Alternatively, if you’re working on a specific problem, you might ask something like:
Given this problem, how can we describe it in an abstract way that emphasizes the structure and key elements, without the specific realworld details?
Terminology
Are there any specialized terms, jargon, or technical concepts that are crucial to understanding this problem or solution? Could you define them and explain their role within the context of this problem?
Problem Simplification and Explanation
Could you please break down this problem into simpler terms? What are the key concepts involved and how do they interact? Can you also provide a metaphor or analogy to help me understand the problem better?
Constraints
Given the problem statement and the constraints provided, identify specific characteristics or conditions that can be exploited to our advantage in finding an efficient solution. Look for patterns or specific numerical ranges that could be useful in manipulating or interpreting the data.
What are the key insights from analyzing the constraints?
Case Analysis
Could you please provide additional examples or test cases that cover a wider range of the input space, including edge and boundary conditions? In doing so, could you also analyze each example to highlight different aspects of the problem, key constraints and potential pitfalls, as well as the reasoning behind the expected output for each case? This should help in generating key insights about the problem and ensuring the solution is robust and handles all possible scenarios.
Identification of Applicable Theoretical Concepts
Can you identify any mathematical or algorithmic concepts or properties that can be applied to simplify the problem or make it more manageable? Think about the nature of the operations or manipulations required by the problem statement. Are there existing theories, metrics, or methodologies in mathematics, computer science, or related fields that can be applied to calculate, measure, or perform these operations more effectively or efficiently?
Problem Breakdown and Solution Methodology
Given the problem statement, can you explain in detail how you would approach solving it? Please break down the process into smaller steps, illustrating how each step contributes to the overall solution. If applicable, consider using metaphors, analogies, or visual representations to make your explanation more intuitive. After explaining the process, can you also discuss how specific operations or changes in the problem’s parameters would affect the solution? Lastly, demonstrate the workings of your approach using one or more example cases.
Inference of ProblemSolving Approach from the Problem Statement
How did you infer from the problem statement that this problem can be solved using ?
Stepwise Refinement
Could you please provide a stepwise refinement of our approach to solving this problem?
How can we take the highlevel solution approach and distill it into more granular, actionable steps?
Could you identify any parts of the problem that can be solved independently?
Are there any repeatable patterns within our solution?
Solution Approach and Analysis
Given the problem statement, can you explain in detail how you would approach solving it? Please break down the process into smaller steps, illustrating how each step contributes to the overall solution. If applicable, consider using metaphors, analogies, or visual representations to make your explanation more intuitive. After explaining the process, can you also discuss how specific operations or changes in the problem’s parameters would affect the solution? Lastly, demonstrate the workings of your approach using one or more example cases.
Thought Process
Explain the thought process by thinking step by step to solve this problem from the problem statement and code the final solution. Write code in Python3. What are the cues in the problem statement? What direction does it suggest in the approach to the problem? Generate insights about the problem statement.
From Brute Force to Optimal Solution
Could you please begin by illustrating a brute force solution for this problem? After detailing and discussing the inefficiencies of the brute force approach, could you then guide us through the process of optimizing this solution? Please explain each step towards optimization, discussing the reasoning behind each decision made, and how it improves upon the previous solution. Also, could you show how these optimizations impact the time and space complexity of our solution?
Coding Constructs
Consider the following piece of complex software code.
What are the highlevel problemsolving strategies or techniques being used by this code?
If you had to explain the purpose of this code to a nonprogrammer, what would you say?
Can you identify the logical elements or constructs used in this code, independent of any programming language?
Could you describe the algorithmic approach used by this code in plain English?
What are the key steps or operations this code is performing on the input data, and why?
Can you identify the algorithmic patterns or strategies used by this code, irrespective of the specific programming language syntax?
Language Agnostic Coding Drills
Your mission is to deconstruct this code into the smallest possible learning units, each corresponding to a separate coding concept. Consider these concepts as unique coding drills that can be individually implemented and later assembled into the final solution.
Dissect the code and identify each distinct concept it contains. Remember, this process should be languageagnostic and generally applicable to most modern programming languages.
Once you’ve identified these coding concepts or drills, list them out in order of increasing difficulty. Provide a brief description of each concept and why it is classified at its particular difficulty level.
Next, describe the problemsolving approach that would lead from the problem statement to the final solution. Think about how each of these coding drills contributes to the overall solution. Elucidate the stepbystep process involved in using these drills to solve the problem. Please refrain from writing any actual code; we’re focusing on understanding the process and strategy.
Targeted Drills in Python
Now that you’ve identified and ordered the coding concepts from a complex software code in the previous exercise, let’s focus on creating Pythonbased coding drills for each of those concepts.
Begin by writing a separate piece of Python code that encapsulates each identified concept. These individual drills should illustrate how to implement each concept in Python. Please ensure that these are suitable even for those with a basic understanding of Python.
In addition to the general concepts, identify and write coding drills for any problemspecific concepts that might be needed to create a solution. Describe why these drills are essential for our problem.
Once all drills have been coded, describe how these pieces can be integrated together in the right order to solve the initial problem. Each drill should contribute to building up to the final solution.
Remember, the goal is to not only to write these drills but also to ensure that they can be cohesively assembled into one comprehensive solution.
Q&A
Similar Problems
Given the problem [provide the problem], identify and list down 10 similar problems on LeetCode. These should cover similar concepts or require similar problemsolving approaches as the provided problem. Please also give a brief reason as to why you think each problem is similar to the given problem.