Analogical Reasoning Concept Analysis Diagram

Core Concept:

  • Analogical Reasoning: A method of reasoning or problem-solving that finds similarities between two or more things. This form of reasoning draws parallels or connections between disparate domains to provide insight.


  1. Similarity: Identifying common attributes or relations between different entities.
  2. Mapping: Transferring knowledge or principles from a known domain to an unknown domain.
  3. Generalization: The ability to apply the drawn analogy to a broader context.
  4. Transferability: The quality of the analogy to yield useful insights in another domain.


  1. Two or More Domains: There must be at least two domains, one familiar and one unfamiliar.
  2. Known Principles: The familiar domain should have well-understood rules or characteristics.
  3. Problem in Unfamiliar Domain: There should be an issue or question in the unfamiliar domain that needs solving.


  1. Negative: Misapplied analogies can lead to misunderstandings or incorrect conclusions.
  2. Positive: Provides a fresh perspective and can solve problems in an innovative way.

Interrelated Concepts:

  1. Deductive Reasoning: Provides the rules or principles that might be transferable.
  2. Inductive Reasoning: Used to generalize the findings from the analogy.
  3. Critical Thinking: Needed to evaluate the quality and applicability of the analogy.


  1. Metaphor: Using one thing to describe another, simpler form of analogy.
  2. Modeling: Creating a simplified representation of a complex system based on an analogy.
  3. Case-Based Reasoning: Solving new problems based on the solutions to similar past problems.

Critical Components:

  1. Comparative Analysis Skill: The ability to identify meaningful similarities between different domains.
  2. Adaptation: Skill in adapting principles from one domain to solve problems in another.
  3. Evaluation: Ability to assess the validity and applicability of the formed analogy.

Analogical reasoning offers a valuable method for problem-solving and understanding by linking different domains through shared attributes or relations. It requires a balance of critical thinking, deductive reasoning, and inductive reasoning to form and apply effective analogies.

Here is an example using the concept analysis template for Analogical Reasoning:

Concept: Analogical Reasoning


  • Drawing connections between two different concepts or domains
  • Mapping similarities from base concept to target concept
  • Using encodings to represent objects and relations
  • Finding alignment between structured representations


  • Having two concepts or scenarios to compare
  • Identifying similarities and differences
  • Encoding concepts into reusable representations
  • Needing creative insights or transfer of knowledge


  • Deriving new inferences about target concept
  • Recognizing patterns and solving problems faster
  • Transferring information from familiar concepts
  • Making incorrect mappings leading to false conclusions

Interrelated Concepts:

  • Metaphor
  • Similarity
  • Problem solving
  • Pattern recognition


  • Structure mapping
  • Schema induction
  • Anomaly detection
  • Analogical encoding

Reasoning Usage:

  • Drawing analogies between case examples during legal arguments
  • Using analogy to make foreign concepts more intuitive
  • Identifying metaphors to transfer insights across domains
  • Encoding knowledge to derive new inferences

This demonstrates using the template to structure knowledge about the concept of analogical reasoning and how it is applied in the domain of reasoning more broadly.